Final Paper Proposal

For my final research paper I would like to research 3-D printing and its uses in the medical field. Over the past year I have seen more and more articles about 3-D printing; I have seen furniture, guns and now food being 3-D printed, but what has really grabbed my attention has been the use of 3-D printing in the medial field. Just this past week I read an article about a man who had his face disfigured in a motorcycle accident and then had it reconstructed by doctors using 3-D printed objects. There have been other similar stories about types of body parts that are, and could possibly be printed in the future.

For the past several years 3-D printing technology has been on the rise and I think the medical field is where our society can benefit the most from this type of technology. Everyday, doctors and scientists are advancing their knowledge and technology to one day be able to 3-D print body parts, like organs. What makes this more difficult that other types of 3-D printing is finding a way to print human skin, cells, veins, and blood vessels. Most 3-D printers use plastic and metal materials to print an object, but you can’t print a plastic liver and expect it to work. This year there has been a team of doctors who have said that their goal for 2014 is to print a human liver. This shows just how much closer we are to 3-D printing being integrated into everyday medical practice.

Questions for Exploration:

  1. What are the health benefits that come from 3-D printing?
  2. How far off are we from printing real working human organs?
  3. Will advanced medical 3-D printing increase or decrease medical costs?
  4. Is there a dark side to medical 3-D printing?

Working Bibliography

3D printing market to grow 23% annually. (2014). Acta Physica Polonica, A, 125(2), 42.

Arrowsmith, R. (2014). Age electronica: the right time, smart time: medical electronics      companies seize the day with new 3-D printing and right-sizing opportunities.  Medical Product Outsourcing, 12(1), 52+.

Inzana, J. A., Olvera, D., Fuller, S. M., Kelly, J. P., Graeve, O. A., Schwarz, E. M., & … Awad, H. A. (2014). 3D printing of composite calcium phosphate and collagen scaffolds for bone regeneration. Biomaterials, 35(13), 4026-4034.

Schubert, C., van Langeveld, M., & Donoso, L. (2014). Innovations in 3D printing: a 3D   overview from optics to organs. The British Journal Of Ophthalmology, 98(2), 159-161. doi:10.1136/bjophthalmol-2013-304446

Temple, J., Hutton, D., Hung, B., Huri, P., Cook, C., Kondragunta, R., & … Grayson, W. (2014). Engineering anatomically shaped vascularized bone grafts with hASCs and 3D-printed PCL scaffolds. Journal Of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A,

Mironov, V., Boland, T., Trusk, T., Forgacs, G., & Markwald, R. R. (2003). Organ printing: computer-aided jet-based 3D tissue engineering. TRENDS in  Biotechnology21(4), 157-161.

Xiao, K., Zardawi, F., Noort, R., & Yates, J. (2014). Developing a 3D colour image  reproduction system for additive manufacturing of facial prostheses. International Journal Of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 70(9-12), 2043-2049.

Artificial Organs May Finally Get a Blood Supply-http://www.technologyreview.com/news/525161/artificial-organs-may-finally-get-a-blood-supply/?utm_campaign=socialsync&utm_medium=social-post&utm_source=twitter

3D Printing Technology Helps Doctors Rebuild Man’s Face After Horrible Motorcycle Accident – http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/03/12/3d-printing-face-rebuilt_n_4951250.html?&ncid=tweetlnkushpmg00000067

Stratasys’ VeroGlaze 3D Printing Material Makes A2 Shade Available to Dental World – http://3dprintingindustry.com/2014/03/12/stratasys-veroglaze-3d-printing-material-makes-a2-shade-available-dental-world/

How Will 3D Printed Medical Devices Be Regulated? – http://3dprintingindustry.com/2014/03/11/3d-printing-medical-devices/

What Brain Surgeons are Learning from 3D Printing – http://3dprintingindustry.com/2014/03/02/3d-printing-stratasys-brain-surgeons/

The next step: 3D printing the human body – http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/news/10629531/The-next-step-3D-printing-the-human-body.html

How 3D Printers Are Cranking Out Eyes, Bones, and Blood Vessels – http://gizmodo.com/how-doctors-are-printing-bones-eyes-noses-and-blood-1474983505

The first 3D printed organ — a liver — is expected in 2014 – http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9244884/The_first_3D_printed_organ_a_liver_is_expected_in_2014

How 3-D Printing Body Parts Will Revolutionize Medicine – http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2013-07/how-3-d-printing-body-parts-will-revolutionize-medicine

 

Final Paper proposal

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